Criminal Records in Italy
Criminal Records in Italy: Types of Certificates and Jurisdiction Bodies
The legislation of the Criminal Records in Italy is regulated by the Art.24 DPR 313/02; according to its regulation there are three types of criminal records in Italy:
– General Criminal Records Certificate;
– Criminal Records Certificate;
– Pending Charges Certificate.
The above documents can be requested by Italians as well as foreigners for proving their criminal record history in Italy.
1) General Criminal Records Certificate: it attests the existence (or nonexistence) of all irrevocable actions taken by the Judge; it refers to the criminal, civil and administrative field. This certificate summarises and includes the Civil & Criminal Records Certificate.
2) Criminal Records Certificate: it attests the existence (or nonexistence) of all irrevocable criminal actions taken by the Judge in terms of sentences.
3) Pending Charges Certificate: it attests the existence (or nonexistence) of any criminal pending proceedings which has not been defined yet through an irrevocable action of a Judge.
The office in charge for issuing these criminal records in Italy is the Prosecutor’s Office of the Court.
The General and the Criminal Records Certificates can be requested by any Italian or Foreign Person in Italy, while the Pending Charges Certificate can only be applied for at the Court of the place where the applicant officially resides.
Validity and Scope of the Certificates
The mentioned certificates have a 6-month-validity and can be requested for several reasons, such as Adoption or Citizenship.
Should the certificates need to be submitted to Foreign Authorities, they will need to be legalised by the same authority and at the same office, according to the country of origin of the document.
For further information about the types of legalisation, please check the previous sections “Legalisation” and “Apostille”.