Brazil – changes to the immigration law

Starting November, 21st, 2017, a new Decree regulating the new immigration law  n°. 13.445 of 2017 has been launched.

The new immigration law treats the foreigner as a human right matter and not a national security subject as it used to be and it is aligned with Brazil Federal Constitution of 1988 as well with the Human Rights Agreements signed by Brazil.

Some news that the new law brought is:

  • New activities classified within the Visitor Visa (Tourism, business, transit, artistic and sports activities);
  • Exclusion of the permanent visa category and replacement for a “residential visa;
  • Possibility to come to Brazil to look for a new job or to work without a job offer if you prove graduation education;
  • Possibility to change the visitor visa for a residential visa according to the legal requirements.
  • Family reunion without any limitation of age;
  • New Brazilian identification document – replacing the current RNE (Foreigner National Registration) to RNM (Immigrant Civil Identification and Registration).

Also, some concerns that the immigration specialists have about the impact of the changes that the new Decree will bring, examples:

  • Government system adaptation of the new procedures;
  • Delays on the requests analyzing at the Government Departments;
  • How the requests filed before the new decree will be managed, approved, or adapted by the government departments;
  • If all the subjects changed will be regulated by the Decree accordingly or not;
  • If there will be any gaps of procedure or regulation that will impact the immigration requests.

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